Excerpted from Juan, Jorge and Antonio de Ulloa. 1748. Relación histórica del viaje a la América meridional. 4 vols. Madrid.

Translation adapted from: Ulloa, Antonio de. A Voyage to South America: Describing at Large the Spanish Cities, Towns, Provinces, etc. on that Extensive Continent. 2 vols. Trans. John Adams. Fifth Edition. London: John Stockdale, 1807, vol. 1. Book 5, Chapter 5, p. 264–67.

To read more:

Phelan, John Leddy. 1967. The Kingdom of Quito in the Seventeenth Century. Madison: University of Wisconsin Press.

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